Your water heater might be crucial a part of your properties plumbing system. A correctly maintained heater can final from ten to fifteen years or extra. However, a heater not correctly maintained can fail in 4 to 6 years. The situation of the ingesting water in your space and the placement of the heater in your house are out of your management, however correct upkeep of the heater and your plumbing system is essential to heater longevity and security.
This text provides you a listing of things to test for each tank kind and tankless water heaters. As you undergo the steps in checking your heater, if in case you have the slightest doubt in your capacity, get an expert, licensed plumber concerned! You might be coping with scorching water, pure fuel, and electrical energy!
Tank Sort Water Heater Upkeep:
Vent (Fuel Water Heaters Solely)
The vent ought to be the identical diameter because the draft diverter on the heater tank.
The vent ought to go typically “up and out” the ceiling.
The place is passes via the outside wall, the vent ought to be double-walled.
Vent sections ought to be screwed along with a minimal three screws per part.
Observe: Unhealthy vent pipe connections can disintegrate and result in carbon monoxide poisoning, the silent and lethal fuel!
Temperature & Strain Reduction Valve (T&P Valve)The T&P valve is designed to stop the heater from exploding if the water strain or temperature exceeds protected limits.
Pull up the deal with on the valve and water ought to circulate out and cease once you let go of the deal with.
The T&P valve has a drain line that ought to go right down to about 6″ from the ground or be plumbed exterior your property.
Observe: Water leaking out of a T&P drain line can sign a foul T&P valve, excessive water strain, or a malfunctioning thermal enlargement system.
Water Strain (All Water Heaters)
Water strain over 80 kilos per sq. inch (psi) can injury heaters and your piping. It will probably additionally injury plumbing home equipment, bathrooms, and your fixtures.
Observe: One giveaway that your have excessive water strain is when the T&P Valve on the heater begins opening and shutting.
Outer Water Heater Metallic Shell & Plumbing Fittings
Examine the heater outer sheet metallic shell for leaks kplokusa.com or rusting.
Examine the plumbing fittings on the heater for corrosion, rust, or water recognizing.
Observe: Rusty fittings or discolored shell is a telltale signal leak is current!
Examine the heater temperature management dial to insure its set on the right water temperature.
The perfect water temperature is 120° Fahrenheit.
Observe: Something above 120° Fahrenheit vastly will increase scalding danger, vitality use, and sediment build-up within the backside of the heater!
Combustion Chamber (Fuel Water Heaters)
Flip the fuel valve management to “pilot place”.
Take away the outer entry hatch or cowl on the aspect of the heater.
Examine the roof of the chamber for heavy rusting, water marking, or pitting.
Return the fuel valve management again to the “on place”.
Observe: Black soot within the combustion chamber means drafting issues, combustion issues, fume issues, and a fireplace hazard!
Pedestal Base (Fuel Water Heaters)
Ensure the pedestal base the heater rests on is steady and helps the unit.
The everyday pedestal will preserve the underside of the heater no less than 18″ off the ground.
Observe: A more recent water heater could have a “filtered combustion chamber” that’s alleged to resolve the necessity for a pedestal. Examine the proprietor’s handbook on your heater.
Open the drain valve to insure that mineral sediment, anode sludge, or rust has not clogged your heaters drain.
Drain Overflow Pan
In case your heater is on the 2nd flooring above residing house it ought to have a drain pan.
The drain pan ought to be plumbed to the skin of your property.
Examine the situation of the drain pan, fittings, and piping to the skin.
Corrosive Fumes (Fuel Water Heaters & Tankless Water Heaters)
Water heaters draw air in for combustion and the standard of the air is essential.
Corrosive liquids, ammonia, or acids saved close to a heater can result in corrosive air.